Home > News > Industry News

What are the components of liquid silicone rubber?


The backbone of liquid silicone rubber consists of polymer chains, which are typically made of repeating units of silicon and oxygen atoms. The silicone backbone gives LSR its unique properties, such as flexibility and high thermal stability.

Liquid silicone rubber is produced through a process called addition polymerization. Polymerization catalysts are added to initiate and control the reaction between the silicone monomers, leading to the formation of the polymer chains.

Cross-linking agents are compounds that link the polymer chains together, creating a three-dimensional network structure. This cross-linking process is crucial for giving LSR its rubbery and elastic properties. Common cross-linking agents for LSR include platinum-based catalysts.

To improve certain properties of LSR, hydrophobic filler materials may be added. These fillers can include reinforcing agents like fumed silica, which enhance the material's strength and tear resistance. Other fillers may be used to modify properties such as hardness or thermal conductivity.

Curing agents, also known as vulcanizing agents, are substances that facilitate the cross-linking reaction in the presence of heat. The addition of heat initiates the curing process, transforming the liquid silicone rubber into a solid and elastic material.

Liquid silicone rubber can be customized with pigments to achieve specific colors. Additionally, various additives may be included to modify the material's properties, such as flame retardants, UV stabilizers, or processing aids.

Manufacturers may formulate LSR to meet specific performance criteria, such as temperature resistance, biocompatibility, or electrical insulation. Additionally, LSR is often used in combination with injection molding processes to create complex and precise parts for a wide range of applications, including medical devices, automotive components, and consumer goods.

We use cookies to offer you a better browsing experience, analyze site traffic and personalize content. By using this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Privacy Policy
Reject Accept